Zircon sand and its processing and smelting products have superior performance and are widely used, especially in strategic emerging industries such as aerospace, nuclear energy, special ceramics and glass, which makes it highly valued by all countries. Australia and South Africa are the main suppliers of zircon sand in the world; In recent years, zircon sand from Indonesia, India, Mozambique and other countries has gradually entered the supply market; The United States, Japan, Europe and China are important consumer countries of zircon sand in the world, but the consumption of the United States, Japan and Europe shows a downward trend, while the consumption of zircon sand in China remains high and is the world’s largest demand country. On the whole, the global zirconium industry has been in a state of separation between supply and demand for a long time, and there is still a large room for global demand for zircon sand in the future, especially in China.            

Zircon sand is not only an important mineral for refining zirconium and hafnium, but also widely used in ceramics, foundry and other industries. Zirconium is a silvery white, hard metal with melting point of 1852 ℃, boiling point of 4370 ℃, low toxicity, corrosion resistance, good mechanical properties, plasticity, corrosion resistance and special nuclear properties at high temperature. Therefore, zirconium hafnium metal and its alloys are widely used in aerospace, aviation, atomic energy, electronics, metallurgy, chemical industry, energy, light industry, machinery, medical and other industries. In addition, zircon sand and zirconia and other compounds also have excellent physical and chemical properties, high melting point, high temperature, difficult to contain, difficult to decompose, small volume expansion rate, high thermal conductivity, not easy to be infiltrated by molten metal, high refractive index, strong corrosion resistance, so they are widely used in the casting industry, ceramic industry and refractory industry.            

The global reserves of zircon sand resources have been greatly improved since the beginning of the 21st century, among which Australia’s reserves have increased rapidly and South Africa’s reserves have remained stable. China is short of zircon sand resources, and its reserves are less than 1% of the world.         

Since World War II, the global production of zircon sand has shown an upward trend. Australia and South Africa are the main producers and exporters of zircon sand in the world. In the 21st century, zircon sand resources in China, India, Indonesia and other countries have been further developed, but the production scale is small.           

In the 20th century, the United States, Japan and Europe were the major consumer countries of zircon sand in the world. In the 21st century, China’s consumption of zircon sand has increased year by year. After 2005, China has become the world’s largest country of zircon sand consumption and the world’s largest importer of zircon sand.            

Since the 20th century, the global zircon sand resources have shown an obvious pattern of separation between supply and demand. The supply is mainly from Australia, South Africa, Indonesia and other countries, while the demand countries are mainly from Europe, the United States, Japan, China and other countries. In the future, with economic development, the demand for zircon sand will continue to grow, especially in China, which will maintain the global demand center for zircon sand; In the future supply structure, Australia and South Africa will still be the main suppliers, but Indonesia, Mozambique and other countries will also become an important part of zircon sand supply

Post time: Jul-29-2022